Sunday, July 29, 2007

The Subtleties of Discrimination, or Why Women Don't Ask

There is an absolutely fascinating article in tomorrow's Washington Post, "Salary, Gender, and the Social Cost of Haggling." Linda Babcock, an economist at Carnegie Mellon University, became interested in how men and women negotiate differently when female graduate students came to her and pointed out that the male students were teaching their own courses while the female students were acting as teaching assistants. Upon investigation she learned that the male students had each approached the dean and requested to teach their own course. JSM used the book Babcock wrote based on her research, "Women Don't Ask," in his negotiation course back when he was a professor at a b-school, and I highly recommend it. Her research goes a long way toward explaining the residual salary differences between women and men once education, experience, and job tenure are taken into account.

But the really interesting part of the article is the follow-up research, addressing the question of why women don't negotiate. It turns out that "across all the were always less willing to work with a woman who had attempted to negotiate than with a woman who did not. They always preferred to work with a woman who stayed mum. But it made no difference to the men whether a guy had chosen to negotiate or not." Some studies found that when women thought a woman would be making the hiring decisions they were much more likely to negotiate.

In other words, women don't negotiate because they don't get the same results as men do. They may even harm their career by attempting to negotiate their salary.

Women may be playing the game optimally, but that doesn't mean the game is fair.

Thursday, April 26, 2007

Life is much more beautiful than dogma will allow.

In 2003 U.S. Congress passed the so-called "Partial Birth Abortion Act," which banned a specific medical procedure used to end a late-term pregnancy in tragic situations, frequently when the fetus has a deformity that will result in its death before or at birth. This law did not include an exception for the health of the woman, only an exception if her life was at risk.

The Supreme Court, packed now with five Catholics and only one woman, held that the law was Constitutional without an exception for health. Both O'Connor and Ginsburg have agreed that women bring a different viewpoint to the table, but perhaps the men would have reached another conclusion if they had experienced the choice this man faced.